Wisdom Teeth

Jacks Oral Surgery & Dental Implants – Piqua & Dayton OH

wisdom tooth removal

By the age of 18, the average adult has 32 teeth; 16 teeth on the top and 16 teeth on the bottom. Each tooth in the mouth has a specific name and function. The teeth in the front of the mouth (incisors, canine, and bicuspid teeth) are ideal for grasping and biting food into smaller pieces. The back teeth (molar teeth) are used to grind food up into a consistency suitable for swallowing.

The average mouth is made to hold only 28 teeth. It can be painful when 32 teeth try to fit in a mouth that holds only 28 teeth. These four other teeth are your third molars, also known as “wisdom teeth.”

Why Should I Have My Wisdom Teeth Removed?

Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt within the mouth. When they align properly and gum tissue is healthy, wisdom teeth do not have to be removed. Unfortunately, this does not generally happen. The extraction of wisdom teeth is necessary when they are prevented from properly erupting within the mouth. They may grow sideways, partially emerge from the gum, and even remain trapped beneath the gum and bone. Impacted teeth can take many positions in the bone as they attempt to find a pathway that will allow them to successfully erupt.

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These poorly positioned impacted teeth can cause many problems. When they are partially erupted, the opening around the teeth allows bacteria to grow and will eventually cause an infection. The result: swelling, stiffness, pain, and illness. The pressure from the erupting wisdom teeth may move other teeth and disrupt the orthodontic or natural alignment of teeth. The most serious problem occurs when tumors or cysts form around the impacted wisdom teeth, resulting in the destruction of the jawbone and healthy teeth. Removal of the offending impacted teeth usually resolves these problems. Often erupted wisdom teeth can be associated with periodontal or gum disease.  By removing these teeth, the patient will have a much better time controlling their gum disease.  Early removal may be recommended to avoid such future problems and to decrease the surgical risk involved with the procedure.

Wisdom Teeth Presentation

To provide you with a better understanding of wisdom teeth, we have provided the following multimedia presentation. Many common questions pertaining to wisdom teeth are discussed.

Wisdom Teeth Presentation

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Oral Examination

With an oral examination and x-rays of the mouth, Dr. Jacks can evaluate the position of the wisdom teeth and predict if there are present or may be future problems. Studies have shown that early evaluation and treatment result in a superior outcome for the patient. Patients should be evaluated by their mid-teens prior to the full development of the wisdom teeth.  For some patients early removal is the best option while for other patients delaying surgery may be the best option.  Proper timing of surgery can help minimize the risks and complications associated with wisdom teeth.  Simply waiting until they “hurt” to have them evaluated by a surgeon can lead to increased risks and increased chance of complication for the patient.

All outpatient surgery is performed under appropriate anesthesia to maximize patient comfort. Dr. Jacks has the training, license and experience to provide various types of anesthesia for patients to select the best alternative.

Removal

In most cases, the removal of wisdom teeth is performed under intravenous sedation. The surgical risks (i.e., sensory nerve damage, sinus complications), will be discussed with you before the procedure is performed. You will rest under our supervision in the office until you are ready to be taken home. Upon discharge, your postoperative kit may include postoperative instructions, a prescription for pain medication, antibiotics, and/or an oral rinse. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to call us at Jacks Oral Surgery & Dental Implants Phone Number 937-778-1623 or 937-277-8959.

Our services are provided in an environment of optimum safety that utilizes modern monitoring equipment and staff who are experienced in anesthesia techniques.